meeting of nature and human on Kullaberg

This time I am using the post's theme just as an excuse to share beautiful (hopefully) photos of beautiful (for sure) Kullaberg. It is not just one of the biggest attraction of Skåne area, but also a place of inter human discord. About the latter I learned long time after I spent an amazing, sunny day, walking around more green or more grey parts of Kullaberg.

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Kullaberg is a nature reserve, located by the Öresund, in the northern west part of Skåne, close to settlements like Mölle, Arild and Brunnby. The highest point is Håkull, 187 meters above sea level. It is a mix of forest area, covered just by grass (and goats feeding on it) and – my favourite part – the cliffs. Some of them can rise to 60 meters above the sea level. The waves roll masses of stones against one another, what makes them smooth and round. Cliffs are connected to a part of Kullaberg which I found the most interesting, because they contain caves. There are more than 20 caves along the coastline. All of them can be visited by both, to some climbing down is possible. Most of the caves were created by the erosion of the sea. Among those I can recommend checking the Visit cave. It is one of the biggest here in Kullaberg. The name originated from the 19th century, when Swedes were leaving their business cards (visitkort in Swedish) in the cracks of the cave. There is also one artificial cave. It came out to live thanks to the Danes. Cause who else could be lured by pegamite (the type of rock), which contains part of glittering mica (verb micare in Latin means „to glitter”)? In 1571 Danes thought, that this glittering material is silver, so they created the cave with this deceiving name. The Silver Cave is situated below the lighthouse at the end of Kullaberg.

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Originally the mountain was probably wooded, dominated by the oak wood. There are remains of man's occupation of Kullaberg, dated back to stone age. Forms of burial mounds and stones circles have been found, as signs of human activity, in the area around the mountain as well. The first detailed maps of Kullaberg were produced in the 1700s and the mountain was as good as treeless. It has changed at the turn of the 20th century, when nearly the whole land was planted with conifers. The land is fenced and grazed by sheep and highland cattle. Also on Western Kullaberg golf fans can play their sport. Kullaberg contains approximately 70% of all Swedish non-alpine flora species.

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Kullaberg is also known as a location of two installations of a Swedish artist Lars Vilks. The construction began in the 1980s. Vilks used drift wood. You might have heard of him as he is the author of caricatures of Muhammad, which resulted in at least two murder attempts towards him. Not just Muslims have „a problem” with him. His sculptures Nimis and Arx were erected in the nature reserve, where all constructions are banned, even if they were labelled as art. Vilks sold Nimis to Joseph Beuys and after Beuys' death to Christo Javacheff. So although Vilks is no longer the owner of those installations, he proclaimed the area where they are located as independent country, Ladonia.

Due to the controversy that arouse around Vilks and his work, Nimis burned a few times. Nevertheless, if the installation is damaged again, it is worth visiting Kullaberg and its caves.

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