Posts in Sweden
gamla uppsala - excavation

People have been buried in Gamla Uppsala for almost 2000 years. Before this place became a royal graveyard, a farm cemetery for the deceased peasant was located here. The dead men needed to be buried at home, so they could watch over the farms. In total, there were between 2,000 and 3,000 burial mounds. Only few of them survived, including the most significant ones: the kings mounds.

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gamla uppsala - history

Uppsala, Gamla Uppsala and the region of Uppland deserve a book. Or couple. Many have been written already. Creating something of similar length might provide you with “all” the information, but my attempt on this website was always to write short (or relatively short), condensed texts. So even though this article definitely belongs to the longest ones, I know that it is not complete. Here I present a very general overview of the region in the Middle Ages. Stories about certain events will be tackled in the future. Let’s dig now into some sagas about Uppsala kings, pagan sacrifices and the arrival of Christianity.

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vaksala - the other sacred ruler of uppsala

Uppsala cathedral can be seen from almost every spot in the city, including Gränbyparken. During one of our strolls there, looking in the opposite direction, I came to a point from which a new tower became visible. In the north-eastern part of Uppsala, behind and between Gränby and Ärsta, stands the other sacred ruler of the city - Vaksala church. Uppsala cathedral took the south-western part - and most of the touristic interest. On the other side we encounter a sacred building, belonging to a different league, not less worth visiting.

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moja walka z knausgårdem. feminizm i szwecja.

Gdyby te teksty na temat „Mojej walki” miały hasztagi, wyglądałyby one pewnie następująco: #prawdziwamęskośćumarła #adolfhitler #problemyzojcem #problemyzseksem #problemyzpisaniem #problemyzżoną #aległupiciszwedzi. Kilkalność robi z pewnością Adolf Hitler, obok którego to kwestia męskości (w Polsce) oraz feminizmu (w Szwecji) była komentowana najbardziej. Po drugiej stronie znajduje się krytyka Szwecji i Szwedów, która jest dość wyraźna u Knausgårda, a nie słyszałam, by odbiła się jakimś echem. A jako że jedną z cech społeczeństwa, którym chełpią się Szwedzi, jest jego wysokie sfeminizowanie i równość, postanowiłam połączyć oba wątki w tym tekście.  

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what happens in the north. sex in sweden #2

There were few reasons that motivated me to prepare this text. First of all, I wanted to write it for a long time now – something more engaged and timeous. Secondly, on July 1st samtyckeslag (the consent law) came into force, which may or may not change something in sexual relation of Swedes, but for sure sustained discussion opened thanks to #metoo campaign. Lastly, on September 9th Swedish elections took place, so the hostesses of the podcast Alla våra ligg invited all the political parties to talk about sex. Inspired by all those factors, I wanted to sum up those interviews and put them in a context of sex life in Sweden.  

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scandinavian romanticism. art.

Gathering Scandinavian romantic artists turned out a harder task than I initially thought. For vast majority of European countries romanticism ruled over minds and souls in the first half of the 19th century - depending on a region it could be 1800s and 1810s (Germany, France) or 1820s and 1830s (Central Europe). In Scandinavian countries romantic art was created throughout this period, however it wasn’t the dominating style. Actually, the official dates for Swedish romanticism are 1840-1875, so when in most European artists have moved on to new forms. Therefore it was hard to cross a line and include or leave out specific artists. My text and galleries contain pieces created by people remembering Gustav III, as well as those who experiences the first world war.

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mężczyzna, który nienawidzi kobiet

Ebba Witt-Brattström jest jedną z najbardziej wpływowych kobiet w Szwecji, uczestniczką dyskusji akademickich, kulturalnych i społeczno-politycznych. Jest literaturoznawczynią i feministką, w kwietniu 2005 roku była jedną z założycielek Feministiskt initativ, partii politycznej kierującą się feministyczną ideologią, z której jednak wcześnie zrezygnowała (partia działa nadal). W czerwcu 2018 roku miała premierę w Polsce jej pierwsza nienaukowa książka, Miłosna wojna stulecia w przekładzie Justyny Czechowskiej.

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sonata jesienna w teatrze warsawy. przejmujący dramat w ciężkostrawnej formie

Jak tylko pojawia się jakiś skandynawski tekst kultury w Polsce, to w miarę możliwości staram się z nim zapoznać. Dlatego też poszłam na Moją Walkę, no bo trzeba, no bo jak to, jakiś Polak wystawia Knausgårda w teatrze. Sonata jesienna mniej dziwi, bo w końcu powstała po to, by ją wyreżyserować. A więc nie dość, że ponownie mam namiastkę Skandynawii na wyciągnięcie ręki, to jeszcze tekst napisał Ingmar Bergman, nie tylko po prostu jedna z najwybitniejszych postaci kina na świecie, ale też ważny dla mnie personalnie twórca. Zawsze to jakieś usprawiedliwienie na wypadek, gdyby coś poszło nie tak – zawsze mogłabym sobie powiedzieć, że przynajmniej obejrzałam szwedzką sztukę, w dodatku Bergmana. I niestety musiałam sobie to powtórzyć po spektaklu, by nie żałować.

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sweden's last war and the norwegian constitution

Histories of all Scandinavian countries are connected with each other. For several centuries Denmark and Norway were under the same ruler, the same for Finland and Sweden. Let’s remind ourselves of the Kalmar Union or the fact that Vikings originated from the whole North. Scandinavia was self-sufficient. But sometimes tracks of the history combined the northern countries with continental Europe.

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Top museums in Stockholm

Museums in Stockholm, like basically in any European capital, can be overwhelming. They usually cover every topic from the country’s history and development, visitors can choose those more traditional ones in form or more futuristic, those for free and those making people go bankrupt, those in the city centre or in the suburbs. How to not get lost, lose your time and not regret a visit in a museum, while you could have gone to another fika? Hopefully my ranking will help you.

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swedish easter

What do Swedes eat during Easter? Are they having any traditions? They wouldn’t be themselves if they haven’t kept any pagan rituals and just pimp them up a bit to make them suit more Christian times. Although, which of the Scandinavian countries is the best in preserving some heathen customs if not Finland?

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fomo or jomo? review of mig äger ingen / nobody owns me

Title of this text is me, desperately wanting to be down with the kids... But feeling fomo or jomo has a grain of truth regarding books and movies. Should I catch up with something immediately or it's okay to slip it through my fingers? And we're not talking here about any classical positions. I picked Åsa Linderborg's book just because, it was either for the title, the cover, the description. I bet you get what I'm talking about. 

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female vikings - could Lagertha really exist?

Fierce women from Viking age on battlefield are an appealing pop cultural concept, which is selling well. Is history backing this up in any way? In autumn 2017 Swedish scientists confirmed first female Viking warrior. Did they discover Swedish Mulan or it is just a woman buried with a sword of her husband who died abroad?

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following the graves, part three

I’m pretty simple when it comes to planning my Swedish trips. If a place has something to do with Erik XIV, no matter how unappealing it seems, I’ll be there. I would probably skipped Västerås for now if it was just a church (cause c’mon, there are so many churches!). However, as it’s a church where Erik is burried, that changes everything. And it was a good decision – not only because I got to see Erik (in a way), but the cathedral is worth visiting by itself.

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ruben östlund – beautiful on the outside, scary on the inside

Ruben Östlund takes his time both in terms of releasing a new project and the pace of his movies. And it’s paying off. Force Majeure allowed him to reach broad international audience, The Square won Palme d’Or and is an Oscar nominee. Is the Swedish director worth all this attention?

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roy andersson - master of absurdity

Categories of Swedish directors: the first one shows entertainment, the second focuses on modern social problems, the third is a master of examination the human soul (You All Know Who). Here we stumble upon the fourth one. He has a particular taste for absurdity. Very distinctive in style and presented narratives. Roy Andersson gains extreme opinions as he bounces between two opposite poles.

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following the graves, part two

Uppsala is identified as a political and religious centre during long periods in Swedish history. When the city is visited today, the cathedral is the crucial point of the sightseeing. In there, secular and ecclesiastical powers met. It's erection determined the erection of the city. It is a place of the final rest of Swedish kings, statesmen and saints.

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swedish pagan christmas. swedish christmas #3

You see the title of this text and your eyes open wide or you frown your forehead? Before Christianity, German folks had their own traditions, performed around the third week of December, which simply underwent Christianised reformulation. Or... did they? Swedes still call their Christmas celebration without words "holiday", "birth" or "God". In that area they follow the traditions of their ancestors, which have something to do with Polish best export product, "The Witcher". How cool is that!

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